Vietnam is among the 30 high TB and MDR-TB burdened countries in the world, according to the WHO. In 2017, estimated incidence for TB was 129 per 100 000 population and the mortality rate was 12.88 per 100 000 population. In 2017, 105,733 TB cases were notified. It is also estimated that 4.1% of new cases and 17% of previously treated cases were MDR/RR-TB. In 2015, MDR/RR-TB treatment was initiated in 2,045 patients, of which 74% were successfully treated.
Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine, located in Ho Chi Minh City, the capital of Vietnam, was the main partner for the STREAM Stage 1 in Vietnam. The medical university was established in 1989 and is a multi-disciplinary school that is responsible for training health care providers in order to improve the health of Ho Chi Minh City. It is also one of the key training and medical research facilities in the southern part of Vietnam.
A total of 100 patients were enrolled in STREAM Stage 1 in Vietnam.